A Neanderthal upper molar and lower limb bones have been found at an open-air site in Israel that dates back 60,000 years. The Levant, or Near East, is to date the only known region where the fossil record shows the two populations — Neanderthals and Homo sapiens– existed simultaneously during the
Researchers have compared the plaque found in the teeth of Neanderthals in Spain to Neanderthals living in Belgium, learning that the Spanish Neanderthals were vegetarians while those who lived in Belgium ate rhinoceros and sheep. In a 2013 study, a team led by Cooper sequenced preserved plaque to uncover upheavals in
Bone fragments found in the Goyet caves in Belgium are evidence of cannibalistic behaviour among Neanderthals. There is evidence of skinning, cutting up, and extraction of bone marrow. Lead scientist Professor Herve Bocherens, from the University of Tubingen in Germany, said: "These indications allow us to assume that the Neanderthals practised cannibalism. "The
New research suggests that climate change may have been one of the factors contributing to the extinction of the Neanderthals. Hodgkins examined bones discovered in caves once inhabited by Neanderthals in southwestern France for marks demonstrating how the carcasses of deer and other animals were butchered and used for food. During
Traces of bark, found in Spain's El Sidrón Cave, with fossilized plaque on them suggest that Neanderthals used them as toothpicks. The scientists said they were mostly after the fossilized plaque known as dental calculus. It's the same stuff a hygienist will scrape off your teeth if you haven't done a
Isotope composition research carried out the remains of neanderthals have revealed that their diets consisted of large plant eaters like mammoths and rhinos as well as plants. The paleo-diet is one of the new trends among nutrition-conscious people – but what exactly did the meal plan of our extinct ancestors include?